خصوصیات روان سنجی پرسشنامه پنج عامل شخصیت برای کودکان-فرم کوتاه (BFQ-C-SF)

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 هئیت علمی دانشگاه محقق اردبیلی

2 کارشناس ارشد روان شناسی

3 کارشناس ارشد روان شناسی تربیتی

چکیده

چکیده
هدف پژوهش حاضر، بررسی خصوصیات روان‌سنجی پرسشنامه پنج عاملی شخصیت برای کودکان-فرم کوتاه بود. جامعه آماری این پژوهش را کلیه دانش آموزان پایه‌های تحصیلی ششم، هفتم، هشتم و نهم شهرستان اردبیل تشکیل می‌داد. از این میان 450 نفر نمونه به روش خوشه‌گیری چند‌مرحله‌ای انتخاب شد. برای جمع آوری اطلاعات از پرسشنامه پنج عامل شخصیت برای کودکان-فرم کوتاه (مارکوس و کوکینوس، 2017) و پرسشنامه شخصیت آیزنک-فرم کودکان و نوجوانان (1975) استفاده شد. جهت بررسی پایایی پرسشنامه از ضریب همسانی درونی و جهت بررسی روایی پرسشنامه از روایی همگرا، تحلیل عاملی اکتشافی و تأییدی استفاده شد. نتایج حاصل از ضریب همسانی درونی نشان داد که این مقیاس از پایایی مناسبی برخوردار است (هوشیاری 75/0، عقلانیت/گشودگی 87/0، پذیرش 72/0، بی ثباتی هیجانی 88/0، برون گرایی/ انرژی 83/0). نتایج حاصل از تحلیل عاملی اکتشافی نشان داد که پنج عامل هوشیاری، عقلانیت/گشودگی، پذیرش، بی‌ثباتی هیجانی و برون گرایی/انرژی 77/66 درصد از واریانس کل را تبیین می‌کنند. نتایج حاصل از تحلیل عاملی تأییدی نشان داد که این مقیاس از برازش مناسبی برخوردار است (96/0=CFI، 95/0=TLI، 94/0=RFI و 057/0=RMSEA)؛ بنابراین می‌توان نتیجه گرفت این پرسشنامه ابزار مناسبی جهت ارزیابی مدل پنج عاملی شخصیت در کودکان و نوجوانان است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


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