تاثیربرنامه آموزشی مادران مبتنی بر نظریه ذهنیت هوش دویک بر ‏رفتارهای یادگیری فرزندان چهار تا شش سال

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دکتری تخصصی، روان‌شناسی عمومی، دانشگاه آزاداسلامی واحد علوم و تحقیقات، تهران، ایران

2 استادیار، روان‌شناسی و علوم تربیتی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد علوم و تحقیقات، تهران، ایران

3 استاد،روان‌شناسیوعلوم تربیتی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد علوم و تحقیقات، تهران، ایران

چکیده

 
این پژوهش با هدف تعیین تأثیر آموزش مادر مبتنی بر نظریه ذهنیت هوش دویک بر رفتارهای یادگیری فرزندان چهار تا شش سال اجرا شد. روش پژوهش نیمه­آزمایشی دو گروهی با پیش­آزمون و پس­آزمون و جامعه­ی آماری پژوهش را مادران کودکان چهار تا شش سال تشکیل دادند. از میان جامعه آماری مورد اشاره، پنجاه مادر به صورت داوطلبانه انتخاب و به شیوه تصادفی ساده به دو گروه آزمایش و کنترل (هر گروه 25 نفر) گمارده شدند. برنامه آموزشی والدین مبتنی بر نظریه ذهنیت هوش دویک طی شش جلسه به مادران گروه آزمایش ارائه گردید. ابزار سنجش پرسشنامه رفتارهای یادگیری پیش دبستان (مک­درموت و همکاران، 2002) بود و داده­های حاصل از اجرای پژوهش از طریق تحلیل کواریانس چند متغیری (MANCOVA) تحلیل گردید. نتایج نشان داد که آموزش والدین مبتنی بر نظریه ذهنیت هوش دویک بر انگیزه شایستگی و رفتارهای یادگیری کلی دارای تأثیر معناداری است (05/0>p)،اما بر توجه­/­پشتکار و نگرش نسبت به یادگیریدر کودکان 4 تا 6 سال دارای تاثیر معناداری نیست (05/0p>).

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